The Maltese Dog is a friendly dog breed that has no fear and is kind with everyone. They appear pompous and noble due to their dazzling white coat, yet appearances may be misleading. Despite being purebred canines, you could find them at shelters or with rescue organizations. Don’t forget to adopt! If you want to bring a dog home, avoid shopping.
This lively dog shines not just as a friend but also as a therapy dog and a competitor in canine sports including agility, obedience, rally, and tracking. But they cherish spending time with their community the most. These puppies will become wonderful furry family members, even for first-time pet owners and apartment dwellers.
For a detailed list of Maltese dog breed facts and information, see below!
Maltese Dog Breed
The Maltese Dog has been known by a variety of titles throughout the course of his lengthy history, including “Melitae Dog,” “Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta,” “Roman Ladies Dog,” “The Comforter,” “Spaniel Gentle,” “Bichon,” “Maltese Lion Dog,” and “Maltese Terrier.” He is now just referred to as the Maltese.
The beautiful silky white fur that covers this attractive toy dog breed’s body. The coat is thick and straight, and it reaches the ground completely. Maltese used to come in a variety of colors, but they are now only ever white. A well-built Maltese Dog moves with the appearance of floating beneath his cloud of white hair. The Maltese Dog sheds little because he lacks an undercoat, and many people believe the breed to be hypoallergenic.
The Maltese Dog is more than just his coat, though. A slightly rounded cranium, a black snout, drop ears, dark, alert eyes, short, straight legs, and a beautiful tail complete the picture. He is a loving, wise dog that is committed to his owners. Additionally, as one of the smaller toy breeds, he is ideal for apartment or condo life. The Maltese makes an excellent watchdog since he is sensitive to his surroundings wherever he lives.
Maltese may be very spirited while having a delicate and elegant appearance. If they are rewarded for their accomplishments, they quickly learn. Maltese require a lot of human interaction and have separation anxiety due to their lengthy history as companion animals.
No breed is perfect, and Maltese can show intolerance toward young children or other dogs, particularly if they have been lavished with attention by their owners. If this happens, they may become very defensive, barking or even biting if they feel threatened by other animals or members of their loving human family.
But since they are so little and easily hurt, even tolerant Maltese are not a suitable choice for households with young children. Like other dogs, they must be taught their right role in your home and undergo basic obedience training as well as appropriate socialization.
⦁ Your Maltese Dog will want to please you, but housetraining him might be challenging. Training in crates is advised.
⦁ Maltese Dog are susceptible to chills, especially if they are soaked or are moving across wet terrain.
⦁ If your Maltese Dog has long hair, the skin where the hair is divided on the back might become burnt.
⦁ Maltese are often not advised for homes with toddlers or young children because to their tiny stature and fragile build.
⦁ Some Maltese Dog may be fussy eaters and have sensitive digestive systems. If your Maltese also has dental or gum issues, these might affect their ability to eat. Take your Maltese to the doctor for a checkup if he displays pain during eating or just after eating.
⦁ Never purchase a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, a puppy mill, or a pet shop if you want a healthy dog. Find a reliable breeder that checks her breeding dogs to ensure that they are healthy and free of hereditary illnesses that they may pass on to the puppies.
Maltese Dog History
With a history that dates back at least two millennia, the Maltese dog is one of the oldest toy breeds. This little dog was honored by poets, authors, and artists throughout the ancient great cultures of Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Even Aristotle made note of them. Maltese-like dogs are shown on Egyptian artefacts, which suggests that the ancient Egyptians valued them as much as the Greeks did when they built graves for their Maltese dogs. Egyptians and many Europeans centuries later believed that Maltese Dog were capable of curing illnesses, and they would put one on a sick person’s pillow. One of its titles, “The Comforter,” was inspired by this. In Mediterranean societies, the breed was common even before the Christian era.
Despite his historical importance, it’s unclear where the Maltese dog actually originated. Many people think that the breed originated from Spitz- or Spaniel-type dogs on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea. Some people think he was created in Italy, while others think he was created in Asia and contributed to the creation of many of the smaller Asian canines.
The Maltese Dog was prosperous wherever he came from. He had gained a firm position in the arms and hearts of French nobility by the 15th century. Maltese Dog immigrants began to settle in the British Isles during Henry VIII’s reign. The Maltese had established itself as a popular pet of aristocratic and royal ladies by the end of the 16th century. Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots, and Queen Victoria all adored the small dog. These little dogs were used by several painters, including Sir Joshua Reynolds and Goya, to depict lovely ladies.
The Maltese was almost extinct in the 17th and 18th centuries when attempts were made to breed him to be the size of a squirrel, despite the fact that he survived the collapse of the Roman Empire and the Dark Ages. Breeders attempted to rescue the species after this nearly catastrophic experiment by crossing it with poodles, small spaniels, and East Asian miniature dogs. The Maltese became so diverse as a result of this that numerous new breeds were created. Many people believe that the Maltese breed is related directly to the Bichon Fries, Bolognese, and Havanese breeds.
English breeders created the modern-day Maltese. Many Maltese Dog living in the United States today may trace their ancestry to English imports. The Maltese Dog initially arrived in the United States in the late 1800s. In the 1870s, they were entered in the first Westminster Kennel Club exhibitions. Up until the 1950s, the AKC registered Maltese dog population expanded relatively slowly. The breed has gained considerable popularity since then. One of the breeds that attracts the most viewers to dog shows, Maltese usually take first place in the Toy Group. Additionally, they have a stellar track record in the “Best in Show” contest.
Maltese Dog Size
At maturity, the little Maltese Dog shouldn’t weigh more than seven pounds; 4 to 6 pounds is ideal. At the shoulder, men should measure between 8 and 10 inches, while women should measure between 8 and 9 inches. Watch out for breeders that sell Maltese in “tea cups.” A Maltese Dog that matures weighing less than 4 pounds is more susceptible to hereditary diseases and has a greater danger to their overall health.
The Maltese Dog has a lively personality and is a natural ham. He responds well to instruction and positive stimuli like food rewards, praise, and play since he is so people-oriented. Maltese people are fearless and believe that all people and animals are their friends. They are well renowned for always getting their way, even from those who don’t want to indulge them. They are sweet and adorable.
The Maltese Dog is a kind, loving, perceptive, sensitive, and trustworthy dog. Maltese are energetic, playful, and active dogs who make excellent family pets. They also like picking up new tricks. When dealing with noisy kids, they can be snarky. The Maltese’s small stature betrays their fierce presence. Being extremely vigilant, the Maltese reacts to strange noises with a barrage of barking.
Numerous elements, including training, socialization, and inheritance, have an impact on temperament.
Puppies with good dispositions are interested and lively, approachable, and want to be cuddled. Select a puppy that is in the midst of the pack rather than one that is bullying its littermates or cowering in a corner. Always meet at least one parent to make sure they are pleasant and comfortable with you. Usually, the mother is the one who is available. It’s also beneficial to meet the parents’ siblings or other family members to get a sense of what the puppy will be like as an adult..
The Maltese Dog needs early socialization, or exposure to a variety of people, sights, noises, and experiences, while they are young, much like any other breed of dog. In order to guarantee that your Maltese puppy develops into a well-rounded dog, socialization is important. He should start by enrolling in a kindergarten class for puppies. Regularly hosting guests, taking him to crowded parks, dog-friendly shops, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will all help him hone his social skills.
The Maltese Dog is a good indoor dog who does well even in limited spaces and flats. This breed has a reputation for being picky eaters and can be challenging to housebreak. Due to their low shedding, Maltese are suitable as pets for the majority of allergy patients. In order to avoid coat matting, daily brushing and frequent baths are advised. To avoid tear stains, the hair around the eyes should be cleansed every day.
Environment ideal for a Maltese
Maltese Dog make excellent indoor pets for both homes and apartments. They’re tiny enough to still make a lot of noise in a limited area despite their energy. They might be outspoken since they are by nature watchful and guardians. It will probably take more time to educate a Maltese not to retaliate if you live in an apartment next to a noisy stairway, for instance. One of the features that makes them such a lovable breed is their unwavering commitment to their master, which gives them the impulse to guard the home. Maltese can adapt to any climate and environment, urban or rural, with the right equipment and care. However, in colder areas, they could require a sweater or be forced to spend more time indoors.
Human Ideal for a Maltese
Maltese Dog are willing to participate in agility classes and will happily accompany their owner on longer walks, despite their diminutive size. They are wonderful companions for both elders searching for a cuddle partner and families. Maltese need a lot of attention and frequently don’t perform well when left home alone for extended periods of time. Pet owners who are retired or work from home would be ideal for this breed.
Maltese have a lengthy life expectancy of 12 to 15 years, so that should be taken into account before bringing one home.
Maltese readily integrate into most households, large or small, so it’s not surprise that they are among the top 20 most popular dog breeds in the United States.
Although Maltese Dog are often healthy, they are susceptible to some health issues like other breeds. It’s crucial to be aware of these ailments if you’re thinking about getting a Maltese even if not all of them will affect this breed. Find a reputable breeder that will provide you with the health clearances for both of your dog’s parents if you are purchasing a puppy. Health certifications attest to a dog’s having undergone testing and been declared free of a certain ailment.
For hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease in Maltese, you should anticipate seeing health certificates from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), Auburn University for Thrombopathia, and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), certifying that the eyes are healthy. You can visit the OFA website to validate health approvals (offa.org).
Patellar luxation: The kneecap is the patella. Anatomical portion dislocation is referred to as luxation (as a bone at a joint). Patellar luxation is a painful condition in which the knee joint (typically of the back leg) moves in and out of position. Although it can be disabling, many dogs with this illness have reasonably typical lives.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): a degenerative condition of the eyes. Due to the gradual loss of photoreceptors at the rear of the eye, PRA leads to blindness. Years before the dog exhibits any evidence of blindness, PRA is evident. Every year, a veterinary ophthalmologist will certify the eyes of dogs owned by a respectable breeder.
Portosystemic liver shunt: This kidney condition develops when an aberrant artery prevents blood from passing through the liver and becoming cleaned.
Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar is the cause of this ailment. Weakness, disorientation, a shaky stride, and seizure-like episodes are a few of the symptoms that may appear. Consult your veterinarian about preventative and treatment options if your dog is at risk.
Collapsed trachea: This disorder, which causes the trachea, which transports air to the lungs, to often collapse, is more common in some dogs. The most typical tracheal collapse symptom is a persistent, dry, loud cough that many people compare to a “goose honk.” Medical or surgical treatment is available for collapsed trachea.
Reverse sneezing: This situation, which is occasionally mistaken for a collapsed trachea and only lasts a few minutes, is far less dangerous. Getting excited or trying to eat or drink too quickly are the two main causes of reverse sneezing in dogs. Additionally, it could happen if the air is polluted or contains other irritants. The soft palate of the dog automatically closes over its windpipe when secretions from its nose fall upon it. Your Maltese may find this to be really terrifying, but as soon as he settles down, the reverse sneezing ceases. To encourage relaxation, lightly touch his throat.
White Dog Shaker Syndrome: White dogs are the most affected by this condition. Whole-body tremors, a loss of coordination, and erratic eye movements are symptoms of the disorder. When the dog is agitated or overexcited and between the ages of six months and three, episodes typically begin. Both the discomfort level and the dog’s personality are unaffected by this ailment. You should discuss treatment options with your veterinarian if you think your Maltese may have White Dog Shaker Syndrome.
Maltese dog Care
Maltese Dog people like to go for regular walks or play outside. They frequently continue to be playful well into old life. It doesn’t take much work to maintain them in excellent shape because they are busy indoors and don’t need a lot of exercise.
As a general guideline, don’t go on long walks with your Maltese puppy until he is 8 months old since his bones are still growing. When your puppy is old enough, let him play in your enclosed yard at his own speed. Then, before starting a strict exercise schedule, take him to the doctor for a checkup. Maltese are unquestionably inside dogs since they do not perform well in high heat or cold. Many Maltese owners paper train them so they won’t have to take them outside in extreme heat or cold.
Maltese Dog have a lot of energy yet just sometimes need to exercise to stay healthy and content. To keep them active, daily walks with their owner, running about in their enclosed yard, or even indoors, should be plenty.
The recommended Exercises for Maltese Dog:
⦁ Makes a vivacious and observant housedog.
⦁ Even while it may play inside or backyard activities to fulfil many of its physical activity demands, it still requires the cerebral stimulation provided by taking walks.
⦁ Without accounting for potty breaks, a trip around the block once or twice a day will satisfy its demand for fresh air.
⦁ Many Maltese dog can be taught to use toilets inside.
⦁ Unless only tiny dogs are permitted to congregate there, dog parks are typically not a smart idea.
⦁ Tricks and games provide the brain the mental training it needs.
⦁ Despite having a lengthy coat, most Maltese do not do well in cold weather due to their tiny stature and lack of undercoat.
The Maltese dog are extremely intelligent, and over the course of their many years spent living with humans, they have figured out how to acquire what they want from them. It’s critical to maintain consistency in their training. Maltese are gifted athletes that are entertaining to compete with in canine sports like agility or obedience. Despite their tendency to be obstinate and adamant, they respond well to constructive training techniques.
Because of their high intelligence, they are fast to take up cues and tricks. However, they are also skilled at getting what they want from their owners, so they need constant supervision. Maltese frequently react well to training that involves incentives, which may come in the form of food or overtly encouraging behavior. The rewards are helpful in this situation since they can be a little stubborn.
Maltese people are naturally outgoing and eager to join in. They will thus probably feel at ease with the majority of pets and people. Early socialization will make it easier to adjust to new circumstances with both humans and animals.
It is beneficial to work on easing separation anxiety on a continuous basis because they can experience it. Establishing a favorable bond between them and their crate from an early age might be useful during crate training. Then gradually increase the length of time you left them in their container by starting out short. Never use the crate as a tool for punishment, and only give them treats when they enter the crate rather than when they exit it.
The recommended daily intake is 1/4 to 1/2 cup of premium dry food split into two meals.
Instead of putting food available all the time, measure out your Maltese’s food and feed him twice a day to prevent obesity. Giving him the hands-on test will allow you to determine if he is becoming overweight. Thumbs down the spine and fingers extending over his sides, place your hands on his torso. He’s in fine shape if you can feel his ribs, but you should start him on a diet and give him fewer goodies if they’re hidden under a layer of fat. Some Maltese may be fussy eaters and have sensitive digestive systems.
Note: The amount of food your adult dog consumes is influenced by his size, age, build, metabolism, and degree of activity. Like people, each dog is unique, thus they don’t all require the same quantity of food. A very active dog will require more than a couch potato dog, which should almost go without saying. The kind of dog food you purchase also matters; the better the food, the more effectively it will nourish your dog and the less you will need to shake into the bowl.
Maltese Grooming and Coat Color
Pure white, smooth, and straight, the magnificent Maltese coat reaches all the way to the ground. The Maltese don’t shed much and don’t have the undercoat that many breeds have. Maltese coats have the drawback of matting quickly and getting soiled. Maltese are also prone to having unattractive tear marks on their cheeks.
Even if your Maltese has a sporty short cut, frequent gentle brushing and combing will keep his coat healthy. This keeps him clean and helps avoid matting. Despite their beauty, Maltese are prone to becoming filthy and typically need weekly baths. If your Maltese’s long hair mats, try gently breaking up the mat with your fingers before using a detangling spray or coat conditioner. After using your fingers to separate the mat as much as possible, use the comb’s end tooth to separate individual hairs. Prior to washing your Maltese, make sure all mats are removed because they tend to become tighter when wet. Never attempt to remove the entire mat at once with the comb or brush.
The ears of your Maltese should be examined at least once every week. Bring him to the veterinarian for an examination if they smell terrible or look sensitive. Additionally, Maltese require their ear hair trimmed since it grows thickly. Ask your veterinarian or groomer to do this procedure or to demonstrate how to do it yourself. If your dog doesn’t wear his nails down naturally, trim them once or twice a month to avoid unpleasant rips and other issues. They are too lengthy if you can hear them clicking on the floor. Because dog toenails include blood veins, cutting them too short might result in bleeding, which may make your dog uncooperative the next time the nail clippers are pulled out. Therefore, get advice from a veterinarian or groomer if you are unfamiliar with clipping dog nails.
You should take the following actions to avoid or minimize your adult Maltese’s facial and tear stains:
⦁ The majority of Maltese owners struggle greatly with facial and tear stains. When your puppy is four to five months old (when their adult teeth are starting to erupt), you may anticipate tear staining to start.
⦁ Wash your Maltese’s beard after meals and clean the eyes every day with warm water to prevent tear stains.
⦁ Teach your dog to sip water out of a bottle. Consider buying filtered bottled water for your Maltese as water with a lot of minerals might produce stains.
⦁ Use a glass, ceramic, or stainless steel bowl to feed your Maltese instead of a plastic one. Between feedings, make sure to wash your dog’s bowl.
Consult your veterinarian if these steps fail to remove the tear stains. Your Maltese’s frequent crying might be brought on by allergies, plugged tear ducts, or other medical conditions. While there are several commercial treatments available to whiten your dog’s hair, you should exercise extreme caution while using them or any DIY solutions. Numerous of them can harm your dog’s hair, and you should absolutely never let any products or strange objects get into your dog’s eyes.
To keep it out of their Maltese’s eyes, many owners topknot the hair on top of their head. Use coated bands that won’t damage the hair if you decide to do this. To make grooming their dog simpler, some individuals shorten their dog’s hair, either on the head or all over. At least twice or three times a week, brush your Maltese’s teeth to get rid of tartar accumulation and the germs that live there. Even better than twice-daily brushing is prevention of foul breath and gum disease.
Your Maltese may not be receiving enough light if you see that his adorable black nose is becoming pink. Take him outside on a warm day, or take him for a drive if it’s too chilly. The sort of dish he uses for eating and drinking might potentially be contributing to the change in color. Throw it away if it’s plastic .A female’s nose can also become pink when she’s in heat.
When he’s a puppy, start exposing your Maltese to brushing and examinations. Dogs are sensitive when it comes to their feet, so handle his paws regularly and examine his lips. Lay the framework for simple veterinarian checks and other handling when he’s an adult by making grooming a rewarding experience full with praise and incentives.
Check your pet’s feet, nose, mouth, eyes, and skin for sores, rashes, or infection-related symptoms including redness, soreness, or inflammation when you groom them. Clear eyes without any redness or discharge are ideal. You may identify any health issues early on thanks to your thorough weekly exam.
Children And Other Pets
The majority of Maltese breeders refuse to sell pups to households with young children. Simply said, it’s very simple for a young child to hurt a little Maltese by dropping, walking on, or overly squeezing him. He does considerably better in a family with only adults or older, peaceful youngsters who will give him the attention he requires.
If they are exposed to other animals while they are young, Maltese can get along with cats and other dogs. They need to be protected from taking on canines that are ten or twenty times their size since they are ignorant of how little they are.